Gender wage differentials in Brazil trends over a turbulent era by G. R. Arabsheibani

Cover of: Gender wage differentials in Brazil | G. R. Arabsheibani

Published by World Bank in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

Read online

Places:

  • Brazil.

Subjects:

  • Wages -- Brazil.,
  • Pay equity -- Brazil.,
  • Sex discrimination against women -- Brazil.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementG. Reza Arabsheibani, Francisco Gallego, and Andrew Henley.
SeriesPolicy research working paper ;, 3148, Policy research working papers (Online) ;, 3148.
ContributionsGallego, Francisco., World Bank.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHG3881.5.W57
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3285643M
LC Control Number2003616341

Download Gender wage differentials in Brazil

Since the late s, macroeconomic and trade reform in Brazil appears to have been accompanied by a substantial improvement in the position of women compared with men in the labor market, despite only modest changes to labor market institutions.

Arabsheibani, Carneiro, and Henley examine movements in the gender wage gap from to Additional Physical Format: Online version: Arabsheibani, G.R.

Gender wage differentials in Brazil. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Africa Technical Families, Poverty. Gender wage differentials in Brazil: trends over a turbulent era (English) Abstract.

Since the late s, macroeconomic and trade reform in Brazil appears to have been accompanied by a substantial improvement in the position of women Gender wage differentials in Brazil book with men in Gender wage differentials in Brazil book labor market, despite only modest changes to labor market by: gender wage gap studies for the case of Brazil and pointed to the narrowing of wage differentials between men and women over the period to from 70% to just 25% This result, the authors claimed, is in line with a worldwide trend in gender wage gaps.

In their paper, the authors used information on cohorts borne in and to. one of the most comprehensive analysis on gender and racial wage differentials in Brazil is Soares (). He documents that, beginning in the s, racial wage gaps have been on average higher than gender wage gaps.

White women earn 79 percent and Black men. The results in this paper are in line with expectations, as other studies on gender differentials such as those of Bastos et al.,Akhmedjonov, and Muñoz-Bullón (), all also reported wage differentials that went unexplained by differences in production attributes and are therefore eligible for classification as discrimination.

Gender Wage Differentials in Information Systems: – A Quantitative Analysis: /ijsodit This paper investigates trends and changes in the gender earnings gap for individuals employed in clerical and professional level information systems. Where does Brazil stand in terms of gender equality. While Brazil is equalitarian when it comes to providing education and health rights for men and women, the country continues to have large gender gaps within the workforce and government representation.

Our report explores why this is still occurring, and how companies and public entities can take action to increase diversity and drive movement. results of the gender gap literature Robert and Gibelman ().

Mendes and Vareiro () believed there was a presence of gender wage inequality in the Portuguese tourism industry.

The estimation with respect to productivity as well as gender wage differentials relies on production functions and firm level wage equations. According to Kimmel () study on gender and racial wage differentials in rural areas, a larger part of the wage gap faced by women remains unexplained by employment and personal characteristics.

This book provides new evidence on the magnitude and sources of pay inequalities between women and men in European countries and New Zealand on the basis of micro data. Particular attention is devoted to job access and workplace practices, promotions and wage growth, sectoral affiliation and rent-sharing, and unobserved heterogeneity and dynamics.

1. Introduction. In an influential paper 1 Seguino () showed that gender wage inequality might be good for economic growth. Her hypothesis concerned semi-industrialized export-oriented countries: low wages for female workers in export industries might foster investment, exports, and also growth of the economy in general.

Male-Female Wage Differential in the West Bank: A Gender-Based Analysis of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Defence and Peace Economics: Vol. 31, No. 8, pp. The remaining ~20% of the gender pay gap can be explained by choices over where to drive. In other words, in a setting where discrimination is unlikely or impossible, the gender wage gap is entirely explained by differences between men and women in experience (about one third) and preferences (about two-thirds).

In this article we evaluate wage differentials in Italy combining gender and education perspectives. The main goal of this article is to verify whether the extent of the gender pay gap varies between highly- and low-educated workers, and whether or not the role played by gender differences in characteristics and in market rewards is similar in the two groups.

The Gender Wage Gap: Extent, Trends, and Explanations by Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn. Published in vol issue 3, pages of Journal of Economic Literature, SeptemberAbstract: Using Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). This paper provides an analysis of gender wage differential in the overall labour market, public–private sectors in India by applying different decomposition techniques, using the National Sample Survey, 50th, 68th rounds of Employment and Unemployment surveys along with the recently released Periodic Labour Force Survey (–).

The results show that the unexplained component. characteristics such as gender and race are especially relevant to understand the quality of work, especially in Brazil (Osório, ; Bilac, ).

Women's entry into the labor market in Brazil occurred through two channels. Part of them entered the job market in search of individual freedom and self-development. Others. This paper using data from the PSED investigates gender wage differentials among the disabled in Korea. The selectivity corrected decomposition framework is employed to examine what factors.

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom. Reasons for the historic bust following a boom are manifold.

Policy mistakes were an important contributory factor, and included the pursuit of countercyclical policies, introduced to deal with the effects of the global financial crisis, beyond the point where they were helpful.

The World Economic Forum ranks Brazil in a list of countries for wage equality for similar work, based on a yearly survey among executives. The gap is.

Magnani E and Zhu R [] Gender Wage differentials among rural–urban migrants in China. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 42, – Crossref, ISI, Google Scholar; Maurer-Fazio M, Raw T and Zhang W [] Inequality in the rewards for holding up half the Sky: Gender wage gaps in China’s urban labor market.

– wage differential between whites and non-whites (except for blacks) was determined by pre-market factors. Giuberti and Menezes-Filho () compare the wage differential between men and women in Brazil and the US to ascertain whether the influencing factors are the same in both countries.

They conclude that in both labor. The gender wage differential has long been the object of empirical study and scrutiny.

Many argue that accounting for all explained personal traits that contribute to a person’s wage, there still remains an unexplained wage gap. In other words, there is unequal pay for equal work.

Others argue that the gender wage gap is a result of. • The decline in female wage inequality can be explained in part by changes in the premium to education.

Results indicate that the relative premium to education fell in Argentina and Brazil—that is, the adjusted wage differential between more educated and less educated women decreased between the sampled years in these countries. trends in the US gender wage gap and on their sources (in a descriptive sense).

Accounting for the sources of the level and changes in the gender pay gap will provide guidance for understanding recent research studying gender and the labor market. Figure 1 shows the long-run trends in the gender pay gap over the period based on two. The gender wage gap is defined as the difference between median earnings of men and women relative to median earnings of men.

Data refer to full-time employees on the one hand and to self-employed on the other. Latest publication. OECD Employment Outlook Publication () Indicators. Much of the male-female wage differential exists because men and women are assigned to different jobs.

Within narrow job categories, there is no male-female differential. Gender Wage Gaps in Formal and Informal Jobs in Brazil, SSRN Electronic Journal (Jan ). Winter-Ebmer Gender wage differentials in private and public sector jobs. Downloadable. Using data from the Personnel Records (Quadros de Pessoal) for the periodwe analyse the gender wage gap in Portugal.

We estimate wage discrimination and endowment differentials using four decomposition methods. Our main concern is to analyse the key factors that lie behind the persistent gender pay gap despite the deep changes that characterise the recent.

Gender parity in pay is proving hard to achieve. Pay differentials between men and women are a persistent form of gender inequality in the workplace and the Global Gender Gap Index finds that the progress towards closing the gender gap on this aspect has stalled.

Downloadable. This paper studies gender wage differentials in Italy by providing a structural estimation of the frictional parameters of two different theoretical specifications of an equilibrium search model.

I alternatively allow for firm heterogeneity and discrimination empirically using maximum likelihood and matching first moments in the data. concerning individual characteristics, we add to the literature on gender differences in pay.

This paper proceeds as follows. In section II we explain our approach to wage differentials and discrimination. In section III we discuss the data. In section IV we present the. A general equilibrium search framework is used to examine the role of gender differences in labor market behavior patterns (e.g., quit rates for personal reasons) in determining gender wage differentials.

The results indicated that wage differentials exist when there are different type of jobs done by the workers, different level of experiences and education.

Temesgen () investigated gender pay gap, with a particular focus on analyzing the effects of labor market institutions. Wage Differentials and Wage discrimination Wage differentials are differences in wages such as that between brain surgeons and waiters * They occur between occupations, industries, firms, regions, and within these categories * Wage differentials can be explain by supply and demand, bargaining power, the impact of government policy and public opinion * Over time, wage differentials between.

Concerning gender differences, Brazil ranked 74th out of countries in the World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index, with a score of 2 Using data from to will allow us to understand two different problems related to women's labor participation: occupational segregation and the gender wage gap over time.

wage determination, models that provide a new rationale for the existence of wage differentials. 1 Dickens and Katz (a) and Groshen () present excellent reviews of the wage differentials literature that correlates wage dispersion with firm and industrial characteristics.

differential around 60% from half of the decade tothe proportion of the median wage earned by women compared to men (gender pay ratio) started to increase during the last years of to and achieved 70% by Inthe ratio increased to 75%.

A study. Trade Openness and Gender Wage Gap: Evidence from Indonesia 29 Theorem by comparing competitive and non-competitive (concentrated) firms.

Artecona and Cunningham() used differencein female-male mean log hourly wages as a measurement for the gender wage gap and found that, in Brazil, women workers experienced wage increases. The labor markets are embedded with societal gender norms that shape the preferences of employers and workers on choices of jobs that are appropriate to each sex.

Gender wage disparity in Thailand. The gender wage differentials in Thailand declined in the early s. The trend reversed after the Asian financial crisis. O'Neill, June, and Dave O'Neill. "What Do Wage Differentials Tell Us about Labor Market Discrimination?" In The Economics of Immigration and Social Policy, edited by Soloman Polachek, Carmel Chiswich, and Hillel Rapoport.

Research in Labor Economics Using microdata to analyze the gender pay gap in ten industrialized nations, this chapter focuses on the role of wage structure — the prices of labour market skills — in influencing the gender gap. It shows that the wage structure is extremely important in explaining why the US gender gap is higher than that in most other industrialized countries.Under state socialism, women fared relatively well in the labor market: female-male wage differentials were similar to those in the West, and female labor force .

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